Shoulder Dislocation Lesions
A Bankart lesion is the most common injury sustained with traumatic dislocation, but other injuries can occur. These may alter the surgery and rehabilitation. These injuries can usually be diagnosed on an MR-Arthrogram or CT-Arthrogram.
These injuries are:
- Bankart Tear - Tear of the antero-inferior glenoid labrum
- ALPSA lesion - (anterior Labral Periosteal Sleeve Avulsion) a displacedBankart tear, where the labrum has displaced around the glenoid neck. This is associated with a higher risk of recurrent instability than an undisplacedBankart tear. - ALPSA lesion at arthroscopy
- Perthes Lesion - a variation of the Bankart lesion, where the scapula periosteum is lifted and stripped medially with the detached anterior labrum.
- GLAD Lesion - Glenoid Labral Articular Defect = Bankart tear with osteochondral defect.
- HAGL tear - (Humeral Avulsion of Glenohumeral ligament)
- Bony Bankartt - a fragment of bone breaks off with the Bankart tear - Bony Bankart at arthroscopy
- Hill-Sachs lesion - a dent in the back of the humeral head which occurs during the dislocation as the humeral head impacts against the front of the glenoid.
- SLAP Tear - a tear at the top of the labrum
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Superior Labral Antero-Posterior lesion - Abbreviated term for an injury to the superior labrum of the glenoid.
towards the centre of the body; inwards
A tough band of connective tissue that connects two bones to each other. "Ligament" is a fitting term; it comes from the Latin "ligare" meaning "to bind or tie."
A firm, white structure that forms a ring around the glenoid cavity (the cup of the ball and socket shoulder joint).
It deepens the socket, providing stability to the joint.
joint is unstable; it repeatedly slips out of it's socket, recurrently dislocates or feels unstable.
at the botom; towards the feet
joint comes out of it's socket completely
A Bankart lesion is an injury to the anterior glenoid labrum associated with anterior shoulder dislocations. It usually requires surgical repair. It is named after Arthur Sydney Blundell Bankart, an English orthopaedic surgeon, who lived from 1879-1951.
'key-hole' surgery. Surgery performed via small incisions, using special instruments and a viewing scope..
at the front; in front
Anterior Labral Periosteal Sleeve Avulsion - The anterior labro-ligamentous complex rolls up in a sleeve -like fashion and becomes displaced medially and inferiorly, "the medialised Bankart lesion"
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