Shoulderdoc - Patient information and professional educational material on shoulder and elbow problems
For Treatment or More Information:
info@shoulderdoc.co.uk
0161 227 0027
Back Home Up Search

Shoulder Anatomy

Shoulderdoc
Patient Information
Shoulder
Shoulder Anatomy
Shoulder Muscles sectionShoulder Muscles
Shoulder AnatomyShoulder Anatomy
Bones & Joints of the ShoulderBones & Joints of the Shoulder
Shoulder LigamentsShoulder Ligaments
Shoulder TendonsShoulder Tendons
Nerves of the ShoulderNerves of the Shoulder
Shoulder BursaeShoulder Bursae
Glenoid LabrumGlenoid Labrum



Google Shoulderdoc
[ Advanced Search ]

This website is certified by Health On the Net Foundation. Click to verify. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here.

ShoulderDoc.co.uk satisfies the INTUTE criteria for quality and has been awarded 'editor's choice'.



   >>Website last updated: 11 April 2014


Sitemap Sitemap   Print page Print   advanced searchSearch   email articleEmail

Shoulder Anatomy

The shoulder is one of the most sophisticated and complicated joints of the body:

  • It has the greatest range of motion of any joint in the body with complete global movement allowing you to position the hand anywhere in space. 
  • The coordinated activity of numerous muscles working together in set patterns is required to produce this motion
  • It is made up of FOUR joints and FIVE linked bone groups which are related and work together.
  • To allow so much movement the joints need to be 'free' to move, therefore the shoulder should be 'unstable' compared to other joints of the body; However a series of complex ligaments and muscle keep it in joint.

Because the shoulder is such a unique joint it is also prone to particular problems. In fact it would be more correct to call it the SHOULDER COMPLEX.
This section will hopefully explain some of the terminology you might hear and relate this to disorders of the shoulder complex. Understanding how the different layers of the shoulder are built and connected can help you understand how the shoulder works and is affected by injury and overuse. 

The deepest layer includes the bones and the joints of the shoulder.
The next layer is made up of the ligaments of the joints.
The tendons and the muscles come next.
The nerves supply all the stuctures above and make them work.


a structure (tissue) that attaches a muscle to a bone. When a tendon becomes inflamed, the condition is referred to as tendinitis or tendonitis.
a structure (tissue) that attaches a muscle to a bone. When a tendon becomes inflamed, the condition is referred to as tendinitis or tendonitis.
A tough band of connective tissue that connects two bones to each other. "Ligament" is a fitting term; it comes from the Latin "ligare" meaning "to bind or tie."


Print page Print page    email article Email article

Bookmark this page:

  • del.icio.us
  • digg.com
  • furl.net
  • google
  • ma.gnolia.com
  • netvouz.com
  • newsvine.com
  • netscape
  • reddit.com
  • simpy.com
  • spurl.net
  • stumbleupon
  • technorati.com
  • yahoo


Tags: No tags defined for this article. [View tag cloud]

Related Articles

Shoulder Bursae
Sandwiched between the rotator cuff muscles and the outer layer of large bulky muscles is...
16/10/2011 17:09:00
Read more...

Shoulder Tendons
Tendons are extensions of muscles that attach muscles to bone. Muscles move the bones by ...
16/10/2011 16:58:13
Read more...

Nerves of the Shoulder
All of the nerves that travel down the arm pass through the axilla (the armpit) just un...
30/11/2010 22:59:40
Read more...

Bones & Joints of the Shoulder
The bones of the shoulder consist of the humerus (the upper arm bone), the scapula ...
30/11/2010 14:26:32
Read more...

Glenoid Labrum
The shoulder joint is considered a 'ball and socket' joint, however, the 'socket' (the gl...
20/08/2010 12:59:38
Read more...

Shoulder Ligaments
Ligaments are soft tissue structures that connect bones to bones. There are several impor...
19/08/2010 11:25:34
Read more...

Creative Commons Licence The material on this website is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between ourselves and our patients. Full Disclaimer
Manchester Arm Clinic Shoulder fellowships Shoulder Scan Wrightington Upper Limb Unit
  Shoulderdoc.co.uk Website by Blackbox E-Marketing