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Research Article Critique Checklist

from Ridsdale; Practitioner, 238:108-13. 1994.


Introduction:

  • Is the study relevant & important to our practice?
  • Is the work useful & original? Does it add to the fund of useful knowledge?
  • Was the study setting similar enough to our working environment that, assuming the results are valid, they may be extrapolated to our practice?
Methods:
  • Was the architecture or design of the study appropriate to answer the questions posed in the introduction?
  • Is the connection between the hypothesis & the instruments used clearly justified?
  • Is the relationship between outcomes & measures plausible?
  • Are the instruments used appropriate to the study & have they been validated previously?
  • Are the population & the population sample defined & recognisably similar to that seen in practice?
  • Are the recruitment definitions & inclusion/exclusion criteria clearly stated?
  • Is the sample size sufficient to answer the questions posed, & has there been an attempt to estimate the required numbers in advance?
Results:
  • Is the response rate adequate? Are drop-outs well described, & is there any reason to think that they differ materially from responders?
  • Are the tables & figures clear?
  • Have stastistical tests been applied appropriately?
  • Are p values or confidence intervals used?
  • Where statistically significant differences are found, are they sufficient to be clinically important?
Discussion:
  • Does the discussion show an awareness of the methodological limitations of the study design? Are problems or difficulties acknowledged?
  • Are the conclusions drawn justified by the results presented?
  • Is a comparison drawn with other published work?
  • Do the authors speculate too far beyond the evidence presented?
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