Prof. Lennard Funk’s Education Portal

Call: 01625 545071
Email: [email protected]
For treatment enquires visit The Arm Clinic

Injections in Athletes


Cortisone (corticosteroid) injections, for individuals subject to drug testing under WADA (most professional and Olympic sports), are banned unless the athlete seeks a theraputic use exemption (TUE), including supporting documents from a physician.

Intra-articular Hyaluronan injections are not prohibited.

The directives from the UK Sport Drug Information Database states:

WADA Regulations for Corticosteroids:

In Competition Prohibited:
S9 Glucocorticosteroids, systemic: Glucocorticosteroids are prohibited when administered orally, rectally, or by intravenous or intramuscular injection. Their use requires a Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) approval.
To find out if you are required to submit a TUE application and where to send it Click Here
Out of Competition

Not Prohibited: Not tested for Out-of-Competition: These substances are not tested for `Out-of-Competition'.
Please be aware that if it is found in an Athlete's system during competition (even if the substance(s) was taken prior to the competition) this will constitute a doping violation.

Download a TUE form from UK Sport here (PDF)

WADA Regulations for Hyaluronans (Hyaluronic Acid):

In Competition Not Prohibited: There are no WADA restrictions on the use of this substance or product in sport.
Out of Competition Not Prohibited: There are no WADA restrictions on the use of this substance or product in sport.

WADA Regulations for Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP):

From 2010 PRP will be prohibited when administered by intramuscular route, but other routes of administration will require a declaration of use in compliance with the International Standard for TUEs. See more at UK Sport News


Find a Shoulder Professional

+ Add Your Clinic Advanced Search

This website is certified by Health On the Net Foundation. Click to verify. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information:
verify here. satisfies the INTUTE criteria for quality and has been awarded 'editor's choice'.

The material on this website is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between ourselves and our patients. Full Disclaimer