Glenohumeral ligaments

The normal appearance of the glenohumeral ligaments on pages 85-93 has been discussed (see also Figure 6.21). The middle glenohume­ral ligament is variable, from a thin translucent sheet to a strong thick ligament. It may be absent following repeated dislocation (see Chapter 9 and Figure 6.22). The inferior gleno­humeral ligament should be considered as a prolongation of the anterior labrum (Figure 6.23).

Figure 6.21 The normal middle glenohumeral ligament passing obliquely over the intra-articular upper edge of the subscapularis tendon.

Figure 6.22 Absent middle glenohumeral ligament.

 Figure 6.23 The inferior glenohumeral ligament as a prolongation of the labrum.

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